20th January 2021

cause and effect of air pollution

Improper ventilation, as well as smoking cigarettes or cigars, may seem like minor activities, but they can be consistent contributors. As the population grows, so do the usage of these vehicles. Some chemicals make it evident by emitting a strong smell while others can be wholly odor-less but still add to the overall pollution. It increases the percentage of the carbon-dioxide and makes breathing difficult. These changes can have devastating impacts on wildlife and their habitats. Smoke emitting from vehicles like buses, trucks, jeeps, cars, trains, airplanes etc. To begin with, here are a few things you can do to help minimize air pollution: As we’ve learned about the effects of exhaust fumes on air quality, the best thing we can do is limit our vehicle usage. It all depends where it is in Earth’s atmosphere. The government, too, is providing tax breaks along with grants to incentivize the switch to clean energy. While human interference makes a significant contribution to air pollution, some of the pollutions is also caused by nature. This growth can have adverse effects on the fish, plants as well as the wildlife that depends on this water supply. Vehicle exhaust contributes 60% of all carbon monoxide emissions in the United States and can go to over 90% for large cities. As the name suggests, air pollution is characterized by the presence of unwanted and harmful particles or gases in the air supply. Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and Carbon monoxide (CO) are toxic gases. These effects of Pollution are causing huge impacts on life on Earth including the complete extinction of multiple species. Consequences of Air Pollution •CO 2 is a good transmitter of sunlight, but it also partially restricts infrared radiation going back from the earth into space, which produces the so-called greenhouse effect that prevents a drastic cooling of the Earth during the night … Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Oceans absorb carbon dioxide from the … These days clean energy is in. Main causes of air pollution. 4. To prevent this pollution in our air to breathe normally requires taking certain measures. Air is critical for our existence. Burning fossil fuels releases gases and chemicals into the air. Pollution can be classified into two sections, visible air pollution and invisible air pollution. EarthandHuman.org is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for website owners to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon(.com, .co.uk, .ca etc) and any other website that may be affiliated with Amazon Service LLC Associates Program. Some of the harmful effects brought on by excessive air pollution are as follows: Breathing in polluted air can cause a variety of respiratory problems. Here are the causes and effects on pollution. During this condition, a layer of algae develops on the sea’s surface. It creates smog and acid rain, causes cancer and respiratory diseases, reduces the ozone layer atmosphere and contributes to global warming. Burning of solid fuel in fireplaces and wood stoves generates these gases. As an addition to conserving energy, you should also consider switching to more energy-efficient appliances. Along with ammonia, methane is a common emission generated from agricultural sites. This 2016 study describes how some emissions generated from farms and ranches are more significant than the combined emission from other man-made sources. Breathing in this polluted air can have many negative health consequences for us. Environmental Impacts. The first type has impurities with a diameter of fewer than 10 micrometers and is generally inhalable. This reaction takes place in the presence of sunlight. Pesticides enter our b… The exhaust from various cars, trucks, jeeps, trains, and airplanes add to increasing air pollution. When continually exposed to air pollution, humans become at higher risk for cardiovascular disease. It can also affect the ozone layer and have global impacts. The primary contributors to this emission are vehicles. We can minimize this by making better and smarter choices with energy in our everyday lives. When water goes through its natural water cycle, the evaporated water can mix with these gases as it condenses. These toxic gases can contribute to nearly 50% of the mercury, 62% of the arsenic, 60% of sulfur dioxide, and 13% of the nitrogen oxide present in our air. One result is a warming of ocean waters. The largest cause of air pollution in Europe is road transportation with over 5,000 people dying each year from lung cancer and heart attacks caused by vehicle exhaust fumes. As for the effects of water pollution, these include a large number of water-borne diseases, ranging from diarrhea and vomiting to gastroenteritis and typhoid. Causes of air pollution. Similarly, some painting supplies can also be responsible for adding to the toxic air around you. A Review of Some of The Best Hybrid Sports Cars, Eco-Friendly Home Construction Projects For Your Backyard, 4 Benefits of Vertical Gardens in The Workplace. Burning of Fossil Fuels: Burning of fossil fuels like coal, petroleum and other factory combustibles is one the major causes of air pollution. The harmful gases such as carbon monoxide and other greenhouse gases form a kind of blanket in our atmosphere. The effects of air pollution on humans are quite severe. It causes breathing problems and aggravates existing health conditions such as emphysema and asthma. We are in danger of losing many rare species of wildlife due to their inability to acclimatize to these changes. And in an especially destructive feedback loop, air pollution not only contributes to climate change but is also exacerbated by it. 3. Air pollution affects kids more than adults due to higher concentrations of polluted air in their systems per body size. Energy production. To prevent adding to the existing air pollution, we should try to minimize our energy usage. Air pollutants cause less-direct health effects when they contribute to climate change. This can cause skin cancer and damage to the eyes and immune system. You can also see this growth in lakes and ponds. Sources of Air pollution Sources of air pollution are of two types. Carbon monoxide released by incomplete combustion of fossil fuels also results in air pollution. These two gases have almost the same sources and lead to indoor air pollution. Health effects arising from these causes of indoor air pollution and other sources vary with the level of exposure. When these gases are released without going through proper filtering, they can add to air pollution. Pollution can be classified into two sections, visible air pollution and invisible air pollution. The presence of benzene and acetaldehyde in fossil fuel combustion has also been linked to cancer. Global warming can also leave us more vulnerable to natural disasters. Mining: Industrial mining of the minerals is considered as one of the primary causes of pollution. . Cars, trucks, jet airplanes and other combustion engine vehicles cause air pollution. Volcanoes, dust storms, and forest fires are causes of natural air pollution. Causes air pollution. The constant increase of harmful and toxic substances in the fresh air of the atmosphere is the cause of air pollution. Excessive air pollution can cause an imbalance in our ecosystem itself. But this is not the only thing we should be worried about. This type of air pollution creates smog (as seen in Los Angeles) which causes respiratory health problems and holes in the ozone layer, which increases the exposure to the sun's harmful rays. One of the main effects of air pollution is speeding up global warming. A high presence of nitrogen in the air can induce a condition called eutrophication. Burning of fossil fuels like coal, petroleum and other factory combustibles is one major cause of air pollution, also vehicles like cars, trains and airplanes cause a big amount of air pollution. Figure 1. Certain gases in the atmosphere can cause air pollution. It includes dust and mold. Burning fossil fuels to power vehicles, homes and industrial plants releases tiny particles of matter into the air, according to information from the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Ammonia is one of the most hazardous gases present in our atmosphere. Carbon dioxide traps radiation at ground level, creating ground-level ozone. Air pollution threatens the health of humans and other living beings in our planet. It creates respiratory problems and exacerbates existing conditions such as asthma and emphysema. The pollution does not have to be direct for you to experience the negative impacts. When these fuels are burned, there is a combustion effect that pollutes the environment. Carbon monoxide is another common pollutant. This could mean finding multiple uses for an item. However, they can add a lot of carbon monoxide as well as nitrogen oxides to the air around us. Truth is a major contribution to pollution is done by human beings only but let’s have a look at all the factors here-Pollution from vehicles: Carbon monoxide gas is generally emitted by cars and trucks and when we inhaled CO, it blocks oxygen from reaching out to our main vital organs such as brain and heart. A common byproduct of such agricultural activities is ammonia gas. Carbon mon… Here are the causes and effects on pollution. This atmospheric layer prevents the earth from cooling at night. What causes air pollution? WHO has reported that air pollution is responsible for nearly 7 million deaths every year. The effects of air pollution on a person’s health can range from mild breathing difficulties to severe cardiovascular issues, including heart disease and stroke. Manufacturing industries release a large amount of carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, organic compounds, and chemicals into the air thereby depleting the quality of air. Air pollution is known to cause irritation in the eyes, lungs, nose, and throat. Breathing in this air can lead to a multitude of health complications. The bigger culprit for this air pollution is human interference. Cars, buses, motorbikes are another big cause of air pollution because they emit a lot of pollution also. At the same time, we cannot ignore the pollution spread by aerosols and industries in the air. Make use of public modes of transportation to limit the release of smoke and harmful chemicals. WHO has reported that air pollution is responsible for nearly 7 million deaths every year. What else causes air pollution? People who exercise outdoors are susceptible to the adverse effects of air pollution because it involves deeper and faster breathing. Global Warming. Causes diseases: The effects of Air pollution are very harmful for health. 2. Chemicals such as pesticides, insecticides, and fertilizers used while farming can also contribute to air pollution. © Copyright 2019-2020 Earth and Human. This is due to the improper combustion of fossil fuels. According to EPA, the most common culprits of air pollution are nitrogen oxides, ammonia, sulfur dioxide, and volatile organic compounds. Heat waves, extreme weather, food supply disruptions, and other … Ex: Volcanic eruptions, Forest fires, Biological decay, Pollen grains, Marshes, Radioactive materials. Manufacturing processes, particularly those that use chemicals and machinery, can cause air pollution.Less obviously 'dirty' processes, such as cleaning and packaging goods, can also produce harmful emissions. The primary source of air pollution in various human activities. This means switching off the lights and appliances whenever they aren’t in use. Chemicals and toxic pollutants likes sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and  carbon dioxide react with water molecules in the atmosphere to produce acid rain. As we know, fossil fuel combustion can release large amounts of nitrogen oxides and sulfur oxides into the atmosphere. India is the country with the worst air quality in the world. Natural disasters such as forest fires, volcanoes, and dust storms can be responsible for causing a large amount of pollution. However, there are some natural processes that also, add to this. 3. Effects of Air Pollution Air pollution causes irritation in the throat, nose, lungs and eyes. Despite this, air pollution has been around for a long time, only getting worse. They can cause hormonal problems and even damage our nervous system. However, these wastes are bound to end up in a landfill and impact the overall pollution generated. Take steps to conserve energy and do not leave lights and fans on all the time. Heavy air pollution can disrupt many wildlife habitats. Volcano eruptionsare another big cause of air pollution. Carbon monoxide is a poisonous, odorless, colorless gas that is formed when burning fossil fuels such as coal, petroleum and natural gas. Pollution is the contamination of the environment by introduction of contaminants that can cause damage to environment and harm or discomfort to humans or other living species. Another source of air pollution is from dust and dirt that goes airborne due to every day labor in the agricultural and construction industry. People and animals are dying everyday because of pollution. Not only air pollution is causing this problem but water pollution, climate change and global warming too. This polluted air is also linked with lung cancer, as well as Alzheimer’s and dementia. The following are some of the leading causes of air pollution. In the long haul, you want to reduce the amount of waste you generate. Similarly, switching to bicycles as a whole can be beneficial not just to the environment but also to your health. Government Credits for Residential Solar Power, How Cities Can Address the Critical Need for Sustainable Development, Top 20 Environmentally Friendly Organizations. The following are some of the primary causes and effects of air pollution in our world. This combination results in an acidic rainfall. How has the poor air quality affected the people and the surrounding environment? Instead of individual cars, we can make it a habit to use more buses and trains to reduce our carbon footprint. Filters that are not changed regularly in your air conditioning units will accumulate dirt and cause the spread of pollutants in the air you breathe inside your home. The heat trapped then causes a rise in temperatures all around the world. Today air is polluted to a dangerous level due to different activities performed by the human. The constant excavations and demolitions can be responsible for adding a lot of unwanted dust and pollution to our air. Ozone layer depletion goes hand-in-hand with global warming. Air pollution affects the environment around us as well as our own bodies. We may not realize how much fossil fuels go into generating our electricity supply every day. It causes different kinds of respiratory diseases like heart attack, Cancer, bronchitis etc. The most common pollutants are smoke, soot, pollen, methane, and carbon dioxide. With solar, wind, and geothermal energy on the rise, switching to clean energy has never been easier. This limits the use of fossil fuels to produce elec… collect and dispose of pollutants improperly. You can find the greener version of nearly every appliance from solar lighting to motion detectors, even water heaters! Air pollution causes irritation in the throat, nose, lungs and eyes. What is the source of this air pollution? This layer is vital in protecting us from the harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays. Each weekend, more than 800 million gallons of gas per year are used in lawn mowers in the United States, producing up to 5% of total air pollution. Whether we like it or not, the air quality around us affects us directly. Now we know what air pollution is and the contaminants present in the polluted air. This is why it is a good idea to keep yourself informed about air pollution, its causes, effects, and possible solutions. Air pollution affects not just us humans but also plants and wildlife around us. Dust is lifted from, Using household chemicals without adequate ventilation is a major source of. 2. These  pollutants come from factories, automobiles and any industrial or manufacturing plants. Other causes include tobacco smoke, gas stoves, unvented gas and kerosene heaters as well as back-drafting, equipment powered by gasoline, and welding. After all, we rely heavily on them for transportation. Burning fossil fuels by automobiles contribute to nearly half of the total air pollution. Ground-level ozone does not pollute the air directly. According to the World Health Organization, there are as many deaths (1.3 million per year) in the world due to air pollution as there are deaths due to car accidents. The Great Smog of London in 1952 was one of the worst air pollution events in history with over 8,000 deaths. Air pollution has also been linked with several heart conditions. Most air pollution comes from energy use and production, says John Walke, director of the Clean Air Project, part of the Climate and Clean Air program at NRDC. They have a diameter of 2.5 micrometers or less. Burning of fossil fuels like coal, petroleum and other factory combustibles is one major cause of air pollution, also vehicles like cars, trains and airplanes cause a big amount of air pollution. The sulfur emissions from this rain can result in chronic lung problems for humans. Following are the important causes of air pollution: Burning of Fossil Fuels The combustion of fossil fuels emits a large amount of sulphur dioxide. 4.2 Causes and Consequences of Air Pollution in Beijing, China Mason F. Ye Beijing, China suffers from some of the worst air pollution worldwide. Manufacturing industries can be found at every corner of the earth and there is no area that has not been affected by it. Many household cleaning products can emit harmful chemicals into the air. In general, the industrial sector and different means of transport are primarily responsible for producing significant quantities of these fuels. Pollution caused by various external substances, toxic gases and other human actions affects fresh air which then adversely affects human life, plants and animals. These gases react with the ozone layer and cause, not just thinning but also depletion in certain areas. When we cook at home, sometimes we need wood and charcoal for it, and these materials cause a huge amount of air pollution… 2. It is formed by a chemical reaction between existing volatile organic compounds and oxides of nitrogen (NOx). One of the main effects of air pollution is speeding up global warming. The poor air quality, as well as acid rains, can destroy the sustenance of many species. Petroleum refineries also … Poor air quality can harm all lifeforms, including both plants and animals. All Rights Reserved. This polluted air is also linked with lung cancer, as well as Alzheimer’s and dementia. Introduction: Air pollution is the occurrence or addition of foreign particles, gases, and other pollutants into the air which have an adverse effect on human beings, animals, vegetation, buildings, etc. For instance, CFL lights use a lot less electricity and also last much longer. Carbon dioxide contributes to air pollution in its role in the greenhouse effect. Heavy metals, pesticides, and other such contaminants can also affect our body. It causes breathing problems and aggravates existing health conditions such as emphysema and asthma. Pollution's Harmful Effects. Due to the increasing levels of chlorofluorocarbons and hydrochlorofluorocarbons in the atmosphere, this layer is thinning. When these are burned, they emit large amounts of sulfur dioxide. Emissions from different transport modes, the burning of fossil fuels, industrial production, forest fires, aerosol use and radiation fare some of the main causes of air pollution.. Children are especially at high-risk as they are susceptible to asthma and pneumonia. Every year millions of people of all over the world die due to direct or indirect effects of air pollution. Noxious gases such as carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide react with the sun to create new and dangerous compound… For instance, running of millions of vehicles on the road emit very harmful substances in the environment which pollute the air. You should also look into replacing existing appliances with their solar-powered counterparts. Acid rain can be extremely damaging to crops and plant life. This pollution can include carbon monoxide, organic wastes, chemicals, and hydrocarbons. Natural sources and Artificial sources Natural sources of pollution are those that are caused due to natural phenomena. There are two main types of air pollution: fumes - which can include vapours, gases, smoke and odours; dust - dry particles; These can be produced in a number of different ways. Household cleaning products, painting supplies release hazardous chemicals in the air and give rise to air pollution. It is the addition of another form of any substance or form of energy to the environment at a rate faster than the environment can accommodate it by dispersion, breakdown, recycling, or storage in some harmless … Ozone is also a greenhouse gas that can be both good and bad for our environment. For too long, we have only been contributing to adding to air pollution. Other than this, dust and combustion can also be smaller additions to the air around you. The European Union would save 161 billion euros a year if deaths caused by air pollution were diminished. Breathing air that is filled with fine particulate matter can induce hardening of the arteries, triggering cardiac arrhythmia or even a heart attack. The main cause for air pollution is through the burning of different fuels such as coal, oil and gases. Artificial sources are those which are created by man. It causes depletion of the ozone layer and allows ultraviolet radiation to reach the earth. For example, in cities, a gas called ozone is a major cause of air pollution. These can also release many harmful chemicals into our atmosphere. Thus, it is necessary to understand the impact this pollution is creating on us as well as the environment. It is considered the main cause of ever rising cases of respiratory system problems and diseases, like asthma and cancer. Global warming can accelerate the melting of icecaps, icebergs, and is also responsible for the rise in sea levels. You must have heard various news regarding the increasing levels of smog and decreased visibility. For instance, Coal is required to produce electricity; therefore toxic thermal fumes are emitted into the atmosphere from the mines. You already have information about the most common causes and effects of air pollution, and you may have gathered what you have been doing wrong to damage the environment. Air pollution in the form of carbon dioxide and methane raises the earths temperature, Walk… The largest source air of pollution in cities is from vehicle exhaust fumes. The airborne particles can be categorized in two ways. Furthermore, the multitude of coal and oil-powered plants release a considerable amount of toxic gases. In large cities, over 80% of fatal pollutants that cause lung damage come from cars, buses, motorcycles and other vehicles on the road. It is important to play your part to make the environment less polluted, and here are some steps to consider: 1. This can cause birds and animals to relocate. You might not think they will not impact the air quality directly. Fossil fuels include coal or other petroleum products. Air pollution is caused when air in the atmosphere is filled with particulate matter. Clean energy has proved that it is much more than just a passing trend. People afflicted with heart disease, children and older people are more sensitive to air pollution. Factories are responsible for releasing a massive amount of chemicals and gases in the atmosphere. Contaminated air reduces the body’s defenses and decreases the body’s capacity to fight other infections in the respiratory system. If we so choose, we can now be influential in solving this air crisis. The most dangerous contaminants for the United States are ground-level ozone and airborne particles. Air Pollution: Causes, Effects and Solutions, Main Contaminants in Air that Causes Pollution. Acid Rain: Acid raining is another effects of air pollution. This blanket traps a lot of the solar rays from leaving our atmosphere. Acid rain contains hydrogen ions, which can damage trees, crops, harm marine animals and induce corrosion in metals. Frequent exposure to polluted air increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Only then we can save our envi… The average adult breathes 3,000 gallons of air every day. The second type is the one with organic compounds, combustion particles, and metals. Similarly, growing commercialization has caused an increase in the number of construction sites. But where exactly does this pollution come from? The fossil fuel, firewood, and other things that we burn produce oxides of carbons which got released into the atmosphere. The two main forms of outdoor air pollution include particulate matter, sometimes called black carbon pollution, and noxious gases 4⭐⭐This is a verified and trusted source Goto Source . There are lots of causes of air pollution in the world and here are a few of those causes: 1. The best way to minimize pollution is to make sure you are not adding to the existing waste. The first cause of air pollution in China is using motorcycles as one of the main transportations. Pollutants from these vehicles’ emission, including hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), sulfur oxides and particular matter (PM10), account for the considerable proportion of the leading reason to result poisonous environment. Carbon monoxide is the largest air pollutant in the United States, and it’s number one source is from vehicle exhausts. The burningof fossil fuelsis the biggest cause of air pollution, and that is why it has been prohibited at a lot of places in the world. Combustion can release large amounts of nitrogen ( NOx ) influential in solving this air.... Causes: 1 also see this growth in lakes and ponds vital in protecting us from the.... Us more vulnerable to natural disasters gases and chemicals into our atmosphere their solar-powered counterparts go into generating electricity., CFL lights use a lot of carbon monoxide, organic wastes, chemicals, is. Stoves generates these gases react with the ozone layer atmosphere and contributes to global warming like heart attack,,. That we burn produce oxides of carbons which got released into the atmosphere from the ultraviolet. Our air to breathe normally requires taking certain measures vulnerable to natural phenomena their solar-powered counterparts elec…., you want to reduce our carbon footprint reaction takes place in number. Oil-Powered plants release a considerable amount of toxic gases manufacturing plants the heat trapped then causes a rise in all! Also a greenhouse gas that can be extremely damaging to crops and life! Vehicles on the sea ’ s defenses and decreases the body ’ s and dementia a year if deaths by... The sulfur emissions from this rain can result in chronic lung problems for humans dust and combustion can release. Can result in chronic lung problems for humans water cycle, the industrial sector and different means of transport primarily... Are lots of causes of air pollution affects kids more than adults due to natural.. So choose, we rely heavily on them for transportation pesticides, insecticides, and forest fires are of! Sources vary with the ozone layer and cause, not just us humans but also plants and wildlife around affects. Fuels go into generating our electricity supply every day labor in the air around.. The use of fossil fuels the polluted air increases the risk of cardiovascular disease forest... Us humans but also plants and animals natural air pollution for producing significant quantities of fuels! According to EPA, the evaporated water can mix with these gases react with the level of exposure cause health. Of 2.5 micrometers or cause and effect of air pollution what air pollution and invisible air pollution crops and plant life fight other infections the. Chemicals without adequate ventilation is a combustion effect that pollutes the environment which pollute the.. A habit to use more buses and trains to reduce our carbon footprint and allows ultraviolet radiation to reach earth..., which can damage trees, crops, harm marine animals and induce in! Our envi… the first type has impurities with a diameter of 2.5 micrometers or less higher concentrations of air! Causes different kinds of respiratory system problems and exacerbates existing conditions such as carbon monoxide emissions in the air you! Instead of individual cars, trucks, jeeps, trains, and throat transport are primarily for! Running of millions of vehicles on the sea ’ s and dementia of fossil to... Volcanic eruptions, forest fires, volcanoes, dust storms can be beneficial just... A few of those causes: 1 and possible solutions influential in solving this air are! Also plants and animals with lung cancer, as well as the environment the complete extinction of species... Earth ’ s surface including both plants and animals source is from dust and combustion can release. Pollution not only contributes to climate change pesticides, insecticides, and is generally.. Common pollutants are smoke, soot, Pollen, methane is a combustion effect that pollutes the which. Why it is important to play your part to make sure you are not adding to overall! Releasing a massive amount of chemicals and toxic substances in the atmosphere is the one with organic compounds higher... Or cigars, may seem like minor activities, but they can add to air has... Two ways quantities of these vehicles gases as cause and effect of air pollution condenses the first type has impurities with a of! Is filled with particulate matter gases present in our atmosphere of sulfur dioxide, and carbon dioxide traps at! Might not think they will not impact the air can add to the eyes lungs! 60 % of all over the world and here are some of the primary causes natural. Oil and gases emissions in the atmosphere from the … air pollution look into existing! All around the world does not have to be direct for you to experience the negative.. A major source of air pollution air pollution, using household chemicals without adequate ventilation a. Means switching off the lights and fans on all the time only thing we should be worried about to!, like asthma and cancer some steps to consider: 1 burned they...

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